ESTE, Isabella d'
Isabella d'Este distinguished herself during the Italian Renaissance as a consummate politician and an avid patron of the arts. Isabella was born in the independent city-state of Ferrara, which was ruled by the Este family; her arranged marriage to Francesco Gonzaga, the son and heir to the ruling dynasty in Mantua, served to gain an advantageous political alliance for the state of Ferrara.During her lifetime, Isabella successfully steered the Gonzagas' fortunes through the many political upheavals that resulted from the Italian Wars (14941559), as the French house of Valois competed with the Spanish house of Habsburg for control of the Italian peninsula. Always on the lookout for an alliance that might prove expedient for the Gonzagas, Isabella cultivated the good will of the most influential figures of her time. Isabella followed the policy that Mantua would remain neutral no matter what the political situation was. In doing so, she prolonged the survival of Mantua as an autonomous state in spite of the conflicts that ravaged the Italian peninsula.Isabella had the satisfaction of seeing Holy Roman Emperor Charles V* bestow a dukedom upon her eldest son, Federico II Gonzaga.* On behalf of her second son, Ercole, Isabella received from Pope Clement VII the office of a cardinal. Her third son, Ferrante, chose a military career, serving in Charles V's army. Charles's German mercenary forces eventually gained control over the Italian peninsula.Just as influential in her patronage of the arts as she was in her role as a political activist and advisor, Isabella amassed with the help of numerous agents a private collection that comprised antiquities as well as contemporary masterpieces. Isabella supported the new printing industry, ordering and purchasing books from Aldus Manutius's acclaimed Aldine Press in Venice. Manutius, the humanist turned printer, made classic works by Ovid and Petrarch available to an educated public. A lover and patron of the arts, Isabella also delighted in works by contemporary authors, taking special pleasure in the poet Ludovico Ariosto's* work. In recognition of her patronage, Ariosto paid Isabella a visit to present her personally with a copy of his famous poem Orlando Furioso (1532).Variously referred to as a "Machiavelli* in skirts" and as the "First Lady of the Renaissance," Isabella d'Este endeavored to live her life on her own terms. Cultivating the recognition and admiration of popes, statesmen, artists, and writers, Isabella pursued her passion for political intrigues and cultural patronage with exceptional vigor.BibliographyJ. Cartwright, Isabella d'Este: Marchioness of Mantua, 1474-1539, 2 vols., 1923.G. Marek, The Bed and the Throne: The Life of Isabella d'Este, 1976.Debbie Barrett-Graves
Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. Jo Eldridge Carney. 2001.
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Este, Isabella d' — (1474 1539) Marchioness of the Italian principality of Mantua and a noted a patron of arts and literature. Brought up as the daughter of Duke Ercole I of Ferrara and given the rare privilege of sharing the humanistic education given in the… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Este, Isabella d', Marchioness of Mantua — (1474 1539) Isabella was the daughter of Ercole I d Este, Duke of Ferrara, and Eleonora of Aragon. She was the recipient of a solid classic education from the literati in her father s service. At the age of 16, she married Francesco Gonzaga,… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Isabella d'Este — Porträt Isabellas von Tizian Isabella d’Este (* 18. Mai 1474 in Ferrara; † 13. Februar 1539 ebenda) war eine der wichtigsten Personen in der Kultur und Politik der italienischen Renaissance. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Isabella d’Este — Porträt Isabellas von Tizian Porträt Isabellas von … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Isabella d'Este — (18 May 1474 ndash;13 February 1539) was marchesa of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance and a major cultural and political figure. Family Born in Ferrara, she was the first daughter of Ercole I d Este, Duke of Ferrara … Wikipedia
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